• The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 provide for the abolition of bonded labour system with a view to preventing the economic and physical exploitation of the weaker sections of the people and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. On the commencement of this Act, any custom or tradition or any contract, agreement or other instrument (whether entered into or executed before or after the commencement of this Act), by virtue of which any person, or any member of the family
  • Beedi manufacturing on a commercial basis is about a century old, although beedi making for own consumption must have been practiced even earlier. Till today, the range of beedi manufacturing varies from individual, self-employed beedi workers (who operate and even market beedis locally) to the large branded beedi companies. A majority of the workforce is employed in the process of beedi rolling. It is this task which is subcontracted under different systems and undertaken at home. In the factor
  • Interstate Migrant Workmen Act 1979 protects the dignity of life and the interests of the workers whose services are requisitioned outside their native states in India. Whenever an employer faces shortage of skills among the locally available workers, the act creates provision to employ better skilled workers available outside the state. While employing the interstate workers, the principal employers shall pay equal or better wages to interstate migrant workmen performing similar nature of work by the local workmen or stipulated minimum wages under the MW Act, 1948 whichever is more.
  • The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 applies to every establishment in which twenty or more workmen are employed or were employed on any day of the preceding twelve months as contract labour and to every contractor who employees or who employed on any day of the preceding twelve months twenty or more workmen.
  • Workers in Organised Sector or formal sector in refers to those who are working in licensed organisations, that is, those organisations that are registered and paying sales tax, income tax, etc. These include the publicly traded companies, incorporated or formally registered entities, corporations, factories, shopping malls, hotels, and large businesses.
  • The unorganised sector consists of all unincorporated private enterprises owned by individuals or households engaged in the sale or production of goods and services operated on a proprietary or partnership basis and with less than ten total workers.
  • A construction worker is a tradesman, labourer, or professional employed in the physical construction of the built environment and its infrastructure. The Government of Madhya Pradesh run a number of welfare schemes for this section of Labourers through MP Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Board.

About Labour Commissioner Organization


  • Labour Commissioner is the Head of the Department for Labour Organization including Organization of Industrial Health and Safety.
  • Labour Commissioner is the Chief Conciliation Officer under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 with State-wide jurisdiction.


  • To promote harmonious relations between employees and employers.
  • To ensure speedy implementation of labour laws for improving industrial relations, with regard to units in which the State Government is the appropriate Government.
  • To regulate working conditions and safety in factories and hazardous industrial processes.
  • To run social security schemes for organized and unorganized sectors.
  • To ensure welfare measures for the workers
  • To conduct Vocational Training for workers and their families.
  • To maintain data on wages, allowances and other related matters.
  • To sensitize all sections of workers for their active participation in social and economic development of the State.
  • To collect, compile and disseminate statistics on various labour subjects.
  • To undertake training, education, research and advisory service in the field of labour and industrial relations.
  • To assist in rehabilitation of released bonded labour and child labour.


Industrial Relations

Labour Department is instrumental in maintaining cordial industrial relations. Its conciliation machinery consists of the Labour Commissioner, Additional Labour commissioners, Deputy Labour Commissioners, Assistant Labour Commissioners, Labour Officers and Assistant Labour Officers. Industrial disputes are settled mainly through the intervention of the conciliation officers through the process of conciliation. If conciliation fails, the dispute is referred for adjudication by Labour Courts / Industrial Tribunals.

Enforcement of the various labour legislations is mainly carried out through the 52 Labour Offices and 11 Industrial Health & Safety Offices.

For effective functioning of the enforcement wing, the inspections in establishments are streamlined in such a way that there should not be any hindrance on the industrial production or commercial activity of the establishment.  No unnecessary inspections are carried out in the State without a valid reason.  Inspections are ordinarily made only on the basis of complaints from the trade unions, workers, public or the media, that too in a systematic and controlled manner.

Quasi-Judicial Functions

All the Deputy Labour Commissioners, Assistant Labour Commissioners and Labour Officers are acting as authorities exclusively dealing quasi-judicial functions under the labour enactments given below:-

    1. Workmens' Compensation Act.
    2. Payment of Gratuity Act.
    3. Madhya Pradesh Shops and Establishments Act.
    4. Claims under Minimum Wages Act.
    5. Equal Remunerations Act                
    6. Beedi and Cigar Workes Act,
    7. Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act

The Dy. Labour Commissioners are functioning as Appellate Authorities under Payment of Gratuity Act, Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act etc. The Labour Officers are the controlling authority under the Payment of Gratuity Act, Conciliation Officer under the Industrial Relations & Industrial Disputes Act and Cess Assessing Officer under Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act besides carrying out other functions.