- Labour Commissioner is the Head of the Department for Labour Organization including Organization of Industrial Health and Safety.
- Labour Commissioner is the Chief Conciliation Officer under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 with State-wide jurisdiction.
- To promote harmonious relations between employees and employers.
- To ensure speedy implementation of labour laws for improving industrial relations, with regard to units in which the State Government is the appropriate Government.
- To regulate working conditions and safety in factories and hazardous industrial processes.
- To run social security schemes for organized and unorganized sectors.
- To ensure welfare measures for the workers
- To conduct Vocational Training for workers and their families.
- To maintain data on wages, allowances and other related matters.
- To sensitize all sections of workers for their active participation in social and economic development of the State.
- To collect, compile and disseminate statistics on various labour subjects.
- To undertake training, education, research and advisory service in the field of labour and industrial relations.
- To assist in rehabilitation of released bonded labour and child labour.
Labour Department is instrumental in maintaining cordial industrial relations. Its conciliation machinery consists of the Labour Commissioner, Additional Labour commissioners, Deputy Labour Commissioners, Assistant Labour Commissioners, Labour Officers and Assistant Labour Officers. Industrial disputes are settled mainly through the intervention of the conciliation officers through the process of conciliation. If conciliation fails, the dispute is referred for adjudication by Labour Courts / Industrial Tribunals.
Enforcement of the various labour legislations is mainly carried out through the 52 Labour Offices and 11 Industrial Health & Safety Offices.
For effective functioning of the enforcement wing, the inspections in establishments are streamlined in such a way that there should not be any hindrance on the industrial production or commercial activity of the establishment. No unnecessary inspections are carried out in the State without a valid reason. Inspections are ordinarily made only on the basis of complaints from the trade unions, workers, public or the media, that too in a systematic and controlled manner.
All the Deputy Labour Commissioners, Assistant Labour Commissioners and Labour Officers are acting as authorities exclusively dealing quasi-judicial functions under the labour enactments given below:-
1. Workmens' Compensation Act.
2. Payment of Gratuity Act.
3. Madhya Pradesh Shops and Establishments Act.
4. Claims under Minimum Wages Act.
5. Equal Remunerations Act
6. Beedi and Cigar Workes Act,
7. Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act
The Dy. Labour Commissioners are functioning as Appellate Authorities under Payment of Gratuity Act, Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act etc. The Labour Officers are the controlling authority under the Payment of Gratuity Act, Conciliation Officer under the Industrial Relations & Industrial Disputes Act and Cess Assessing Officer under Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act besides carrying out other functions.